Electoral quota

ေရြြးေကာက္ပြဲဆိုင္ရာ ခြဲတမ္းအမ်ိဳးမ်ိဳး


"May have one of three distinct meanings: (a) The number obtained by dividing the total electorate in all the constituencies or electoral districts of an authority by the number of members to be elected to that authority, used within the process of boundary delimitation; (b) The number of votes which guarantees a party or candidate to win one seat in a particular electoral district in a proportional representation system. There are three variants in common use, the Hare, Droop (or Hagenbach-Bischoff) and Imperiali quotas; (c) A number of seats in an elected body or a proportion of candidates nominated by a party or grouping which are required by law to be filled by representatives of a particular kind; most commonly used to ensure the nomination and election of a minimum number of women."


ေအာက္ပါ ျခားနားေသာ အဓိပၸါယ္ သံုးမ်ိဳးအနက္မွ တစ္မ်ိဳး ရွိႏုိင္သည္ ။ (က) မဲဆႏၵနယ္အားလံုးရွိ မဲဆႏၵရွင္ စုစုေပါင္း အေရအတြက္ကို ယင္းမဲဆႏၵနယ္မ်ားမွ ေရြးေကာက္တင္ေျမာက္မည္႔ ကုိယ္စားလွယ္ အေရအတြက္ ႏွင္႔ စားျခင္းျဖင္႔ ရရွိေသာ ကိန္းဂဏန္း ။ နယ္နိမိတ္ သတ္မွတ္ေသာ လုပ္ငန္းစဥ္တြင္ သံုးသည္။ (ခ) အခ်ိဳးက် ကိုယ္စားျပဳမွဳစနစ္တြင္ ပါတီ တစ္ခု သို႔မဟုတ္ ကိုယ္စားလွယ္ေလာင္း တစ္ဦး မဲဆႏၵနယ္တစ္ခုတြင္ ေရြးခ်ယ္ျခင္းခံရေစရန္ ေသခ်ာေစေသာ မဲအေရအတြက္။ အသုံးမ်ားေသာ ပံုစံကြဲ သံုးခုရွိသည္ ( ဟဲရ္ ၊ ဒရုပ္ သို႔မဟုတ္ ေဟဂန္ဘက္ ဘစ္ေရွာ႔ဖ္ ၊ ႏွင္႔ အင္ပီးရီးယယ္ ခြဲတမ္း တုိ႔ ျဖစ္သည္ ) ။ (ဂ)


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